A selected guide penny stock egghead review rock, pop, google sniper review dance music, hip-hop and indie rock performances. MIT Political Scientist Roger Petersen wins Distinguished Book Award for
“Western Intervention in the Balkans” Award for best book on international politics of ethnicity,
nationalism or migration The Ethnicity, Nationalism and Migration section
of the International Studies Association has awarded the Distinguished Book Award to Roger Petersen’s “Western Intervention in the Balkans, The Strategic Use of Emotion in Conflict” (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
Petersen is the Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science at MIT.
The award recognizes the best book published over the past two years in the study of the international politics of ethnicity, nationalism or migration. The criteria for the award include the originality of the argument presented, quality of the research, ability to draw on the insights of the multiple disciplines, innovative methods or methodological syntheses, readability of the text and the policy or practical implications of the scholarship.
“Western Intervention in the Balkans” has also received the 2012 Joseph Rothschild Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies, given by the Association for the Study of Nationalities, and the 2012 Marshall Shulman Book Prize, given by the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies. Of the book, Cambridge University Press writes: “Conflicts involve powerful experiences. The residue of these experiences is captured by the concept and language of emotion … [including the emotions of fear, anger, desire for vengeance, resentment, and contempt]. These emotions can become resources for political entrepreneurs. A broad range of Western interventions are based on a view of human nature as narrowly rational.
Correspondingly, intervention policy generally aims to alter material incentives (“sticks and
carrots”) to influence behavior. In response, poorer and weaker actors who wish to block or change
this Western implemented “game” use emotions
as resources. This book examines the strategic use of
emotion in the conflicts and interventions occurring in the Western Balkans over a twenty-year period.” Full Story at MIT SHASS News The State University of New York board
will now resubmit its plan to shut down Long Island College Hospital to the State Health Department.
England have a history of letting the championship slip from their grasp in the Welsh capitalWhile watching Wales dash England’s grand slam hopes so spectacularly in Cardiff last Saturday, I remembered that this wasn’t the first time a trip across the Severn Bridge had ended in sporting despair for England.
Defeat against a strong Wales team that claimed the 2013 championship cushioned the blow a tiny bit,
but it was a completely different experience to watching championship-chasing England leave Cardiff empty handed on 19 March 1989. That loss still hurts 24 years on.England’s rugby journey through the 1980s descended from the zenith of the 1980 grand slam to the nadir of the inaugural World Cup in 1987, with many of the Five Nations campaigns
in between just too shameful to comprehend.
Between 1983 and 1987, England won just just five of their 20 matches in the championship.If defeat to the Welsh
in the 1987 World Cup and the nature of that
performance left England at rock bottom, then surely
the only way was up, as Yazz pointed out in the summer after England’s improved Five Nations showing in 1988. Two wins against Scotland and Ireland â€“ the latter said to have instigated the “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” anthem now synonymous with the national side â€“ and a heartwarming victory over Australia in the autumn at Twickenham, resulted in genuine optimism surrounding England’s hopes in the 1989 championship. Under the triumvirate of Geoff Cooke (team manager), Roger Uttley (coach) and Will Carling
(captain), English rugby was beginning to show signs of recovery.The
three matches of England’s 1989 Five
Nations campaign were encouraging, especially for success-starved supporters of recent years.
After a stuttering 12-12 draw against Scotland at Twickenham, England went to Dublin and won 16-3, with tries from Brian Moore and Dean Richards highlighting the strength contained within their pack. England’s 11-0 win at home against France convinced many
that this new incarnation were
the real deal.
Coach Uttley went
far as saying: “This side is probably a better side than 1980 and they still have more to offer.”
High praise indeed, although not all were so sure.Writing
on the morning of the France match, Mirror journalist Michael Bowen laid into various members of the England setup, under the headline “Hit or myth?”. Cooke (criticised for boring displays), Carling (“his decision-making as player and skipper are suspect”), full-back Jonathan Webb (“as much an international as my old grandma”) and scrum-half Dewi
Morris (“too big and slow for the modern game”) came in for particular criticism, although it was telling that Bowen changed his tune afterwards, somehow trying to claim a bit of credit for the win: “They took out their anger on the French and all the men on trial came through
with flying colours.”
Either way, England now travelled to Cardiff with their first championship in sight since the start of the decade. They were firm favourites to accomplish this feat.The Welsh,
on the other hand, were in a sorry state. If England’s decline had been steady and slightly torturous during the 1980s, then spare a thought for any rugby lovers in Wales.
After winning the Triple
Crown and sharing the Five Nations championship with France in 1988, the team
had been hit hard by the defection of Jonathan Davies to the
riches of rugby league and Widnes.
Prior to the England game in Cardiff, they had lost all three
championship matches (23-7 in Scotland, a home 19-13 defeat against Ireland and a 31-12 drubbing in Paris) and they now faced the prospect of the first whitewash in their Five Nations history.
They were, however, still clinging on to the fact
that the English had not won an international in Cardiff since 1963, a fact often repeated in the lead-up to the match and such a touchy subject for the visitors that reports
that Carling imposed an interview embargo on the subject.Before the match, the psychological aspect of England’s makeup was targeted by
the Welsh, who were understandably keen
to gain any slight advantage that they could muster. Neath’s successful coach Brian Thomas was the first to wade in with his not-too-subtle
“The English are mentally inferior rugby wise, and as a race,” adding that “Whenever I played against England, I knew mentally that Wales were the better side. That can still happen – it’s all a question of strength and will.”Injured Wales player Mark Ring highlighted general Welsh suspicion surrounding England’s half-back pairing: “Quite frankly, Dewi Morris and Rob Andrew wouldn’t
be in our top six.” He was not alone in this opinion, Thomas again questioning Morris’ ability: “He goes forward and makes the ball available, but he can’t pass. I can think of
four Welsh scrum halves who are better than him.” Barry John: “Rattle Morris and you rattle England… it has to be said that his game at present is limited.”
on the fence chaps.Another
issue that simply could not be ignored was the last Wales-England clash at Cardiff Arms Park in 1987, or the
Battle of Cardiff as it had been referred to ever since. An ugly episode in Anglo-Welsh rugby history, the scenes of violence
that saw Wales’ number eight Phil Davies cheekbone broken in three places, led to international bans for Richard Hill, Graham Dawe, Wade Dooley and Gareth Chilcott. With the latter two included in
England’s XV for the forthcoming
clash, a lot of attention naturally centred on the pair. Dooley indicated his embarrassment at his involvement in the incident, but promised to be on his best behaviour, probably just as well,
after Cooke had threatened anyone found guilty of foul play with a swift end to their international career.England had relatively few selection issues before Cardiff, their main decision concerning the selection of Chilcott at tighthead in front of the now fully fit Jeff Probyn, who had been out for three weeks after suffering concussion in Dublin. Their pack was undoubtedly impressive; Mike Teague, Andy Robinson and Dean Richards were enjoying fine seasons in the back row, with the second row partnership of Ackford and Dooley starting to develop what would become a beautiful relationship for England.
Wingers Chris Oti and Rory Underwood â€“ who was surpassing Mike Slemen’s record of
32 caps on the wing for England â€“ were exciting, but many felt the pair had not been utilised enough during the championship, an allegation often thrown at England over the next few years, culminating famously in David Campese’s infamous mind games prior to the 1991 World Cup final.If
England were the model of consistency â€“ only
16 players used in their three championship matches â€“ Wales were chaotic in comparison, using 23 players and handing out four debuts along the way in an attempt to stop the rot (capping another new player in winger Arthur Emyr for
the England fixture). Injuries played some part in this, though, with 1989 Lions squad member Dai Young ruled out after Wales’ opening match and fellow Lion Bob Norster only returning to the side for the France fixture.
Selection policy did seem muddled though, with another Lions player John Devereux leaving the field against Ireland with a facial injury, only to be dropped for
the rest of the championship.Wales
possessed other quality backs in scrum-half Rob Jones, winger Ieuan Evans, and skipper Paul Thorburn, but general opinion, in the English based press at least, favoured an away
“The only real case for Wales is the kicking of Paul
has amassed 191 points and is ice-cool under pressure.
But not even
Thorburn can score from deep in his
I go for an England win with style,” wrote
Tony Bodley in the Express.
It was hard to disagree with this view, even with England’s abysmal record in the Welsh capital.Before the match, former Welsh star JPR Williams declared a desire that Wales show some “Hwyl” once again â€“ a Welsh word meaning passion or a surge of blood.
Unfortunately for Mike Teague, Wales’ number eight
Mark Jones may have been a little too pumped for the occasion; as the match kicked off in atrocious rain and wind, Jones charged through on England’s flanker, wiping out Teague and rearranging his face in
the process. After just five seconds, Teague’s day was over. Gary Rees replaced one of England’s
unsung heroes of the campaign. If they didn’t know it already, England
knew now that the Welsh were up for the challenge.The hideous conditions, complete with
horizontal rain, did not allow for fully flowing rugby, and on the odd occasion before the break when England looked capable of going over, both Carling and
Webb ignored the presence of Oti on
the wing, leaving English fans screaming in frustration. After Thorburn and
Andrew exchanged two penalties each, England inched ahead
with an Andrew drop-goal just sneaking over as the Welsh put England’s fly-half under great pressure.
Although England had hardly been inspiring, a 9-6 lead at the interval looked to be setting up a classic case of getting the job done. The Welsh needed a moment of inspiration or a moment of madness
from the visitors in the second half; step forward Rory Underwood.Paul
Turner’s high kick towards England’s 22 was caught easily by England’s winger, but what followed was sporting suicide.
Underwood’s pass inside to Webb was a shocker, the full-back
unable to stretch far enough to gather the ball, and the Welsh smelt blood. In the ensuing scramble, the ball was kicked on behind England’s try-line by debutant Emyr, allowing
centre Mike Hall to win
the race and get his hand to the ball first and slam it towards the sodden turf.Although the try was given,
subsequent viewings of the incident were inconclusive and opinion pretty much divided dependent on which side of the border you reside. In subsequent years, Welsh lock Phil Davies admitted that had television replays been in place at the time the try may not have been allowed, yet it would have been a brave decision for Australian
referee Kerry Fitzgerald to disallow the score.
Thorburn conversion gave Wales a 12-9 lead (four points for a try back then) and England’s championship hopes were being washed away in the Welsh rain.England may have felt aggrieved by the try, and when Andrew missed a penalty to level the scores, their tempers got the better of them. Again Cardiff hosted another Wales-England brawl, as a thirty second punch-up commenced between various members of the packs, Richards and Wales’ prop Mike Griffiths getting particularly friendly with each other. England’s discipline was disintegrating faster than their championship aspirations, and the match descended into a scrappy affair, with Robert Jones constantly pegging England back with a fine kicking display, not allowing them a sniff of a chance. It was becoming sadly apparent to English supporters that this was simply not their day, as another chapter of Cardiff calamity was being played out before their very eyes. At the final whistle, hundreds of jubilant Welsh fans invaded the pitch to celebrate their 12-9 win, and the English post-mortem was already beginning.Underwood
was immediately cast as a scapegoat for all of England’s woes, although Morris was not far behind in the criticism stakes. “It was my mistake.
I thought I would give the ball to Jon to kick. It was a dreadful pass and all my fault,” said a distraught Underwood, who broke down in tears in the dressing room after the match. How he must have been cheered on the Monday morning to pick up a paper only to see Bowen refer to him as ‘Rory Blunderwood’. Morris’ display had also irked Bowen, who felt Rob Andrew had been frequently exposed by weak passing from his half-back partner, and it would appear that the England setup were not too enamoured either; Morris had played his last test for nearly three years.Wales were understandably
cock-a-hoop, taking the chance to lash out at their critics and stick the boot in on England as a bonus. “The reason Wales won was clear.
When it comes to playing in Cardiff, England just don’t have the bottle,” indicated Robert Jones, although it would be Paul Thorburn that would cause the biggest furore, with his comments aimed towards journalist Stephen Jones at the after-match dinner: “I
would very much like Mr Stephen Jones to leave the room because I consider him to be the scum of the earth.” Thorburn was clearly unhappy with
Jones’ not unreasonable pre-match assertion that defeat for the Welsh might be a blessing in disguise, a wake-up call for the Welsh administrators.
pride and passion displayed by the Welsh was one thing – the Daily Express’ ‘Hail the glory boyos’ headline one of
many tributes to the team – but Thorburn’s behaviour was frowned upon, leading to many officials apologising on his behalf.
His subsequent exclusion from the 1989 Lions tour
to Australia was heavily linked to his actions post-match.Despite
England’s setback, they returned the next season in fine form, only to fall at the final hurdle yet again as Scotland won the winner-takes-all clash to end all winner-takes-all clashes at Murrayfield.
After two soul-destroying final-day losses in a year, the England team could have been forgiven for sulking, but the wheels were fully in motion behind the English juggernaut, as 1991 proved to be a case of third time lucky,
their first grand slam in 11 years starting a year in which they almost won the World Cup.As for Wales, the victory at Cardiff may have raised
hopes for a brighter future, but the win
merely put off the inevitable for another year; a 1990 wooden spoon and first whitewash snowballed into 1991, with a repeat bottom-placed finish (one draw and three defeats) and humiliation at the hands of Western Samoa in the World Cup, bringing the
Welsh game to its lowest point.
The team would
gradually improve; they had to, but such
was the state of the national sport that Wales’ next win in Cardiff in the Five Nations was three years and two days after their 1989 triumph over England. But during that bleak period, there must have been some consolation for depressed Welsh
supporters in remembering the day that they broke English hearts.
Not for the last time as it would turn out.â€¢ This is an article from our Guardian Sport Networkâ€¢ This blog first appeared on That 1980s Sports BlogRugby unionSix NationsEngland rugby union teamWales rugby union teamSteven Pyeguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Heat, moisture and cold are
just some of the conditions that can make a medicine less potent. The vehicles are the 2013 Nissan Altima, Leaf, Pathfinder, Sentra and Infiniti JX35. A version of this article appeared in MIT Tech Talk on November 22, 2006 (download
PDF). WASHINGTON — The fighting in Libya has disrupted a sensitive U.S. government program to keep about 700 former nuclear and chemical weapons experts busy on civilian projects in the medical and petroleum industries there and prevent them from selling their dangerous knowledge in other countries,